Everyone wants to know what's going on in France regarding the Loi ALUR -- (l’Accès au Logement et à un Urbanisme Rénové). The bill indicates that the short-term rental of your primary residence is permitted, as long as you follow some basic rules including written agreement from the owner (if you are the tenant). It also affects short-term rental of secondary residences, mostly applied to the country's larger cities.
The bill is currently being considered by the National Assembly and the Senate. According to some sources, 20% of all dwellings are rented furnished in France. Furnished rentals are not only more profitable for the landlord than unfurnished rentals (higher rents), but are less vulnerable to troublesome tenants (squatting and other nuisances). A furnished lease of one year is more flexible for the tenant, allowing for a one-month cancellation compared to a 90-day cancellation attached to an unfurnished rental which carries a three-year lease.
In larger cities, the short term rental of a secondary residence will be permitted. Cities will not have the authority to ban short-term rental of these properties, but they will be able to define specific compliance criteria and require a change of usage designation for the property, as a commercial property. The cities affected are those over 50,000 population and where there is a marked imbalance between supply and demand for housing...such as in Paris.
The bill attempts to control increases in rents upon re-letting a property. A property may not increase in rent to a new tenant higher than the "IRL" or legal benchmark, unless substantial work has been performed on the property. This has already had an impact on the market as rents rose less by percentage in 2012 and 2013 than in previous years.
For new leases, the rent cannot exceed the cap of 20% over the median benchmark (except for exceptional rental services and major work). Upon renewal of a lease, the rent may be adjusted up or down, to the median benchmark imposed by the IRL. The benchmark rents will be calculated from information gathered by rental statistics taken from the entire stock of housing (the "market"). The "market" rent is about 105 euro above the average rent, which is already above the median rent.
Forecasters say these measures will further reduce rents as more comply with the measures and there is greater transparency. In 2012, 390,000 residences in Paris were rented, of which 94,000 rented higher than the adjusted median rent -- 3.7 euros per square meter more. Thirty-two thousand have rents more than 30% below the median benchmark -- 2.4 euros per square meter less. Reductions in rent will therefore average 4% to 6% depending on the location and type of housing, bringing rent levels to those recorded in 2010.
But adjustments in rent will take time and conflicts between landlord and tenant are sure to evolve. The average rent for housing occupied more than 10 years by the same tenant is already 20% lower than the average. Landlords will be penalized by sedentary tenants and restrictions that will control potential rent increases. In contrast, tenants who have lived in their homes a long time might see significant increases to their rents.
It is noted that only construction of housing in areas where the housing shortage is acute will solve the problems of the market. Rent control is merely a temporary measure, and it's not enough.
NEWS ON TRANSFER TAX INCREASES
It's going to cost a bit more between March 1, 2014 through February 29, 2016 to purchase a property, thanks to the Finance Act of 2014 (Act No. 2013-1278 of December 29, 2013). The taxes for land registration and registration fees will increase from 3.8% to 4.5%, although the increase must be approved by the department and after that date, reduced back.
In real terms, the additional cost on a property in Paris purchased for 500,000€ will cost an additional 3,600€. Notary fees, however, will not change.
P.S. Over the next two weeks I'll be writing you from first New York and then "La Nouvelle Orléans" -- where I will be exploring real estate in these two U.S. cities for investment compared to Paris and Nice! Doesn't it make sense to have investments in all four? That's what I intend to find out!
P.P.S. There is only one share left at Le Palace des Vosges, the outstanding fractional ownership property at the best address in Paris, Place des Vosges -- and once it's gone, it's gone! Don't be disappointed...the final share is only 147,900€. For more information visit Le Palace des Vosges or email email@example.com.
See Adrian Leeds and French Property Consultation on House Hunters International!
Air dates/times: March 21, 2014 at 10:30 p.m. and 1:30 a.m. E/P
Since her first visit as a 17-year-old exchange student, Karin has dreamt of living in Paris full time. Boldly deciding life is short and now is the time to finally make her dream a reality, she and her practically minded mother go to Paris to find the right flat. But in the City of Light's fast paced market, this long time dreamer nervously realizes she hasn't given much thought to what she wants in her new home. Property Consultant Adrian Leeds will have her work cut out for her when House Hunters International looks for la vie en rose in Paris.
FREE one-hour consultation! Guests of Parler Paris Apartments or Parler Nice Apartments who are considering the purchase of their own "pied-à-terre" for pleasure and profit, can take advantage of a free one-hour consultation while enjoying the apartment in the City of Light or on the Riviera. Simply complete the request form to book your consultation.